While it is easy to blame one religious’ community for their actions and a small percentage of its followers on their strict adherence to theological fundamentalism, there has been no such blame directed towards law enforcement and intelligence apparatus.
Middle East as a cartographic notion is a product of the European Imagination with respect to its thoughts about the Ottoman Empire. The Middle East therefore is studied through a dominant western gaze.
The ‘Umma’ is the notion of one Muslim Community under God. However, the Middle East, has been fractious since 632 AD, with the deep Sunni- Shia fissures, hence the ‘Umma’ is a contested space rather than a monolith.
On July 24, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan stunned the world when he candidly admitted that there were “30,000 to 40,000 armed people” in his country “who have been trained to fight in some part of Afghanistan or Kashmir”
Many of us think of national security as protection against external military aggression and therefore, synonymous with ‘defence’.
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