While it is easy to blame one religious’ community for their actions and a small percentage of its followers on their strict adherence to theological fundamentalism, there has been no such blame directed towards law enforcement and intelligence apparatus.
Middle East as a cartographic notion is a product of the European Imagination with respect to its thoughts about the Ottoman Empire. The Middle East therefore is studied through a dominant western gaze.
The ‘Umma’ is the notion of one Muslim Community under God. However, the Middle East, has been fractious since 632 AD, with the deep Sunni- Shia fissures, hence the ‘Umma’ is a contested space rather than a monolith.
मराठयांच्या इतिहासातील शेवटचा महत्वाचा विजय म्हणजेच खर्ड्याच्या लढाईत निजामावर मिळवलेला विजय म्हणता येईल. पानिपतचा पराभव जेवढा दुःखदायक, तेवढाच खर्ड्याचा विजय स्फुरण देणारा ठरतो.
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